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Twinning 102: Change It Up

Twinning in Animation: Change It Up

Now that “twinning” has been defined and explained here, today we take a look at some examples of cliche “twinned” moments in animation and what you can do to prevent them in your next scene!

There are several ways to tackle an action that seems to lend itself to twinning. The first and most obvious is to alter the camera/perspective of your shot so that you can add appeal with a view that isn’t straight-on. Let’s take one easily-twinned pose and discuss it; The Shrug. When you think about shrugging as a response to someone’s comment or question, having both of your arms and shoulders move simultaneously is the average response. In animation, though, we want to make it better than average! Here’s an example from the Disney film The Emperor’s New Groove:

Emperor's New Groove animation shrug

Let’s break this down a little further. Start with Yzma. The first thing that stands out is the way she’s leaning to the right. This instantly breaks up the twinning that might otherwise occur in a shrugging pose. That’s not all the animator did, though. Further inspection notes that her head is tilted, her arms are dissimilar, and there are no “even” horizontal lines from one arm to the other (outside the elbows, which provide contrast).

Emperor's New Groove animation shrug explained

-Click image for a larger view-

Compare this to Kronk and you see Yzma’s pose is much, much stronger. Whether this was done deliberately (as Yzma is a more powerful character, physical attributes aside) we don’t know, but it’s a perfect example of pushing a twinned pose to achieve a better result. Kronk is still mostly non-twinned because of the 3/4 view he is shown in.

Twin-free Straight Ahead View

What if the 3/4 view is not available, because of a point-of-view shot or storyboard requirement? There are still plenty of ways to make sure twinning stays out of your work. Returning to Emperor’s New Groove:

Emperor's New Groove Pacha and Kuzco shrug

This shot directly follows Yzma looking to the two characters while Kronk is off in his own world. As such, a straight-on angle lends itself perfectly to the comedy of the scene and a 3/4 angle simply would not be as strong. So what’s an animator to do? Run with it!

-Click image for larger view-

-Click image for larger view-

Again the characters are handled differently but to great success. Here Pacha is a brilliant example of how to push a twinned-pose into appealing victory. Despite a very clear, readable action, each element of the character is tweaked just a little bit in order to avoid symmetry. Truly tremendous work. (Editor’s Note: The animation throughout Emperor’s New Groove on Pacha specifically is a magnificent achievement, and deserves to be studied! Go check it all out!)

Kuzco, on the other hand, has a very standard pose but thanks to a simple angle rotation of the character it remains fresh and full of life. In this case a normal “shrug” animation could have been created and then rotated slightly to achieve this effect. Easy and effective!

Any Other Ways to Avoid Twinning?

Say you’ve got an extreme situation with a picky director that is absolutely ADAMANT that you use a straight-ahead shot and keep the limbs even on your keyframes. All is not lost! You just have to play with timing and inbetweens to inject some contrast and appeal back into an otherwise boring scene.

First consider the boring standard shrug, filled to the brim with twinning.

Booooooring. Functional, though. It meets our imaginary director’s requirements! Let’s see what we can do with a little bit of animation magic inbetween the keys:

Now we’re getting somewhere! By delaying the right side just a bit and also moving the head around, we come away with something much more filled with soul than the simple shrug above. It’s not perfect and still needs a bit of tweaking, but the bones are there and we can keep pushing things to be even better for the final shot. And it wasn’t a tremendous amount more work, either! Hopefully our Director Pretend-o will be pleased.

More Cliche Twinned Poses

You can take the ideas laid out with The Shrug above and apply them to nearly any other normally-twinned poses and actions you come across. Here are a few examples:

  • Shrugging
  • Banging Fists on a Table
  • Arms-spread “Politician” pose
  • Nodding
  • Jumping
  • “Super-hero” Hands-on-Hips pose
  • Bowing
  • Arms Raised in Victory
  • Arms Out Inviting a Hug
  • Double Thumbs-Up
  • Think of any others? Post it in the comments below!

As we’ve said before, Twinning isn’t always evil. Sometimes you’ll want the cliche aspect it provides (that’s why we have cliches!). Most of the time, though, a little bit of animation elbow-grease will remove it from your shots and make a much more appealing result on screen.

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12 comments

  1. Joshua K. says:

    Excellent article as always. Those are some useful tips. Even Richard Williams stated twinning isn’t all bad. It’s useful for representing authority.

  2. Ingot Mann says:

    I like the helpful information you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your site and check more right here regularly. Best of luck for the next!

  3. Lee W says:

    Wow, great article!

  4. Nikki D. says:

    This is really helpful to see thanks!

  5. rob says:

    i actually appreciate your content. when you have real examples it helps to understand. i read about twinning in books but it does not usually have examples so it gets confusing at times.

  6. julio says:

    I’d love to see more animated examples. Will there be a third in the twinning series?

    • J.K. Riki says:

      I wouldn’t count it out! I’m glad to hear people might be interested. If there’s a Part 3, it will probably be down the road a bit as we’ve got some great updates lined up for the coming weeks. :)

      Thanks for the comment!

  7. onigiry says:

    I usually do stuff from the side view so there is no chance of symmetrical.

  8. cindrillz says:

    Very helpful thanks

  9. Ekky says:

    smooth article!

  10. Dana C. says:

    Can’t wait to see Twinning 103 ;)

  11. Shawn says:

    I also like the animated examples. I hope to see more.

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